Thursday, November 05, 2009

Install Octave 3.2 with Image Processing package on Arch Linux

Octave is a great tool for programming mathematics. However, when I wanted to install it and its Image processing package on Arch Linux I got a problem: missing lgfortranbegin library.

To begin with I installed Octave using pacman as a root or sudo user (I prefer sudo)sudo pacman -Sy; pacman -S octave There was no problems with this.
Now, to install Image processing package it is necessary to do as follows:
To install a package, download the package file, and install it from the Octave prompt by typing pkg install package_file_name.tar.gz
where package_file_name.tar.gz is the name of the file you downloaded.
In my case the package_file_name.tar.gz was image-1.0.10.tar.gz and it can be downloaded form here

So, when I tried to install it I got the following erroroctave:1> pkg install image-1.0.10.tar.gz
warning: creating installation directory /usr/share/octave/packages
/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lgfortranbegin
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
make: *** [__spatial_filtering__.oct] Error 1
'make' returned the following error: make: Entering directory `/tmp/oct-9oWZxI/image-1.0.10/src'
make: Leaving directory `/tmp/oct-9oWZxI/image-1.0.10/src'
error: called from `pkg>configure_make' in file /usr/share/octave/3.2.3/m/pkg/pkg.m near line 1253, column 2
error: called from:
error: /usr/share/octave/3.2.3/m/pkg/pkg.m at line 714, column 5
error: /usr/share/octave/3.2.3/m/pkg/pkg.m at line 287, column 7
As it can be seen lgfortranbegin is missing. The library belongs to fortran compiler and in Arch Linux it can be installed simply by sudo pacman -S gcc-fortranTo make sure that the library was installed I performed a search and I found it[marcin@arch ~]$ sudo find / -name "*fortranbegin*"
After this there was no problems. I installed Image package as previously described and I checked if I got functions that I needed (e.g. imrotate, imresize) by: octave:1> pkg install image-1.0.10.tar.gz
octave:2> imr<tabulator>
imread imresize imrotate_Fourier
imremap imrotate
The installation was almost finished. I needed one more package, i.e. gnuplot to be able to display figuressudo pacman -S gnuplotFinally, I did some simple test to create an image, make a rotated version of it and display both of themoctave:8> I=randn(256);
octave:9> I2=imrotate(I,30);
octave:10> figure,imshow(I);
octave:11> figure,imshow(I2);


So in conclusion, to install octave along with Image package I needed to have gcc-fortran and gnuplot installed first:sudo pacman -S gcc-fortran gnuplot octaveThen follow general instruction on how to install Octave packages from here.


  1. Anonymous2:57 AM

    I did not know Octave has Image processing toolbox! Its nice.

  2. Anonymous6:41 AM

    Hi, I have a similar installation problem:

    octave:1> ls
    image-1.0.15.tar.gz octave-matlab-tut.pdf
    octave:2> pkg install image-1.0.15.tar.gz
    make: mkoctfile: No such file or directory
    make: *** [__spatial_filtering__.oct] Error 1
    'make' returned the following error: mkoctfile -Wall
    error: called from `pkg>configure_make' in file /sw/share/octave/3.6.3/m/pkg/pkg.m near line 1385, column 9
    error: called from:
    error: /sw/share/octave/3.6.3/m/pkg/pkg.m at line 827, column 5
    error: /sw/share/octave/3.6.3/m/pkg/pkg.m at line 383, column 9

    Do you have a idea what could be the problem here?
    Thanks a lot.
    Marcus (

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